What is Acute Encephalitis syndrome?

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What is AES?

Acute encephalitis syndrome, also known as chamki fever is the inflammation of the brain affecting neurological functions. It can be caused by a virus, bacteria or parasite, etc. It started with symptoms like the onset of fever and mental disorientation.

It usually affects children with a weak immune system and malnourished body. The most vulnerable population includes children age 1 – 5 years. 

The outbreak usually occurs between April to June in monsoon seasons when the mosquito population increases and leads to water-borne diseases.

Signs and symptoms

It is characterized by the onset of high fever and vomiting affects malnourished and children with a weak immune system. The symptoms are followed by mental confusion and disorientation.

Studies show that the cause of death is hypoglycemia in malnourished children.

Other symptoms include:

1. Headache

2. Confusion

3. Nausea

4. Vomiting

5. Sensitivity to light

6. Memory loss

7. Drowsiness

8. Convulsions/seizures

9. Coma

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